Bagamoyo is located to the north of Dar es Salaam, the business capital of Tanzania. Found in the late 18th century, the ancient slave harbor was recently designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in order to preserve and maintain the colonial era’s magnificent Gothic and Afro-Arabic architectures. Bagamoyo deserves to be remembered in world history for its historic value as an entry point for Arab and European missionaries, explorers, and traders in East and Central Africa.

Where to go in Bagamoyo?

Bagamoyo Town: Also known as Stone Town (Mji Mkongwe) among the locals, the Bagamoyo Town is well worth exploring. The site boasts a long history of the ancient buildings which were constructed during the German colonial era. The German boma, for example, was built in 1897, and Liku House, which served as the German administrative headquarters.

Other interesting features found in Bagamoyo Town

  • Bagamoyo Port
  • The old slave market
  • German custom house (built in 1895) along the beach
  • The first multiracial school which dates from the late 19th century
  • Situated further south is the Old Fort which dates back from the mid-19th century.

Activities and Excutions in Bagamoyo?

The Kaole Ruins

Situated on the southeast of Bagamoyo District, are the Kaole ruins featuring the remains of a 13th-century mosque which is believed to be one of the oldest both in Tanzania and East African region. 

The mosque is said to have been built before Bagamoyo had assumed any significance and when the Sultan of Kilwa held sway over coastal trade.

Other interesting features of the Kaole Ruins

  • Old coral stone ruins (dating to a period between the 13th and 16th century).
  • 30 tombs built from coral stones
  • A museum (exposing some artifacts from the ruins)


Caravan Serai Museum

The museum is found within the Bagamoyo district. It’s about 75 kilometers northwest from the commercial capital city of Dar es Salaam and bordering the Indian Ocean on the west side. 

The museum features a very significant history of slave trade and other valuable commodities such as ivory during the colonial era. It was a special area where slaves would reach before transported to Zanzibar Island which was even the biggest slave market in all East Africa.

Special features found in Caravan Museum

  • Remains of archeological research of 2002
  • Slave trade and Ivory history
  • Slave sculpture
  • Well with natural water
  • Culture of the coastal indigenous


Activities at the Caravan Museum

  • Learn the history of slave trade and ivory
  • Photography
  • Documentaries
  • Conduct archeological research 

Other places to visit in Bagamoyo

  • The Catholic Museum: dates from the 1868 establishment of freedom village.
  • College of Arts: featuring the annual Bagamoyo Arts Festival held in September or October


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